The resurrection of the dead is an elementary teaching of Christ (Heb 6:2). However, an in-depth study can reveal more or even uncover holes in understanding this biblical teaching. Many have rejected the resurrection of bodies on the last day for the immortality of bodiless spirits, and thus they reject the resurrection of Christ (1 Cor 15:12–19). The resurrection is so essential to faith that Paul proclaimed, “But if there is no resurrection of the dead, not even Christ has been raised, and if Christ has not been raised, then our preaching is vain, your faith also is vain” (1 Cor 15:13–14 NASB).
The Greek word anastasis, αναστασις, means “resurrection,” and this word is central to this study. The apostle Paul defended and defined the resurrection as the body rising from death to life (1 Cor 15:12, 13, 21, 42). Death is the separation of the spirit from the body, and resurrection is the reunion of spirit to the body. There are forty occurrences of the word anastasis in the NT and three in the Greek OT (LXX). The biblical texts exclusively used the word anastasis for the resurrection — bodies rising from death to life.
How will the dead come forth from the tombs at the last day? Jesus declared, “Do not marvel at this; for an hour is coming, in which all who are in the tombs will hear His voice, and will come forth; those who did the good deeds to a resurrection of life, those who committed the evil deeds to a resurrection of judgment” (John 5:28–29 NASB; 5:19–29). Because Jesus has authority to Continue reading