Thirteen Reasons Why Atheism is Implausible

Why Atheism is Agnostic & Irrational

  1. Purpose — Atheism cannot perceive an ultimate purpose for humankind and the universe. Without God, there is no ultimate purpose. Without God, humanity will eventually cease to exist, the stars will go dark, and the galaxies will drift into nothingness forever.
  2. Honesty — Secularism assumes unbiased neutrality and yet excludes other plausible explanations that include recognizing God. A person who disregards or reinterprets God to reject God is not honest. Neutrality cannot disregard probability and reason.
  3. Morality — Atheism is limitless in moral boundaries, and thereby, Continue reading
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Apologetics: Notes for Defending the Bible

God & Science
The antagonist asserts, “God is a myth.”

  1. Everything that begins to exist must have a cause. The universe began to exist. Therefore, universe must have a cause.
    1. Causality proves God. Every effect must have an equal or greater cause. Follow the effects to its logical origin.
  2. The fine-tuning of the universe is due to necessity, chance, or design. Fine-tuning is not due to necessity or chance. Therefore, fine-tuning is due to design.Apologetics Notes for the Bible
    1. If human life is significant, then the order of the universe for life is significant. The anthropic principle affirms that the fine-tuning of universal constants are essential for life.
    2. Design in nature & moral conscience proves God (Ro 1:20–21; 2:13–16).
    3. The most brilliant scientist, Isaac Newton, observed that an intelligent Agent started the nature’s order (Opticks). Add Pasteur, von Braun, etc.
  3. If something is complex, then it is  most probably designed. Biology is more complex than all human design. Therefore, biology is most probably designed.
    1. Every code has a creator. DNA is the genetic code found in most cells of every life form.
    2. Molecular nanomachines show the complex design within cells, which the intelligent Creator must have designed. Continue reading
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What was the First Christian Creed?

Symbol of the Death, Burial, and Resurrection of Jesus

The Gospel was the first Christian creed. First Corinthians 15:3b–5 presents the Gospel message that dates to the apostle Paul’s conversion 2 or 3 years after Jesus’s death. The Gospel also dates to the faith of Peter, John, and James in Galatians 1:11–2:10. Biblical scholars including critical scholars all attribute the source of this creed to those who were witnesses of Jesus.

This creed is a historical marker for when and how the church began. This Gospel message started the church. This is the early tradition that the first Christians proclaimedPaul recorded this early confession of the Gospel: “Christ died for our sins in accordance with the Scriptures, that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day in accordance with the Scriptures, and that he appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve” (1 Cor 15:3b–5 ESV). Furthermore, Paul cited numerous witnesses in verses 6–8 that may also be a part of this ancient creed.[1]

The Truth of the Gospel Creed

Why do scholars find this message to be a very early tradition? Continue reading

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How Can Jesus Expect Anyone to Believe Because of Eyewitnesses

Whether someone already believes that Jesus is the Christ or not, the Gospel writers depicted Jesus expecting people to believe in him. One of the ways that the Gospels present Jesus expecting His followers to believe is by his resurrection from the dead.

Jesus’s Reaction to Unbelief

Jesus wanted others to believe because of those who witnessed him risen from the dead. When Jesus rose from the dead, he rebuked his disciples for not believing the witnesses of Mary Magdalene and two other disciples in the country (Mark 16:9–14). The Gospel of Mark records, “Afterward he appeared to the eleven themselves as they were reclining at table, and he rebuked them for their unbelief and hardness of heart, because they had not believed those who saw him after he had risen” (16:14 ESV). According to the long ending of Mark, Jesus expected his closest disciples to believe without having to see him. He expected them to believe upon the evidence of two or three witnesses.

The Disciples’ Mission

Why would Jesus expect anyone to believe upon reports from a few witnesses? Continue reading

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Why Christians Must Reconsider Baptism and the Holy Spirit


In Zechariah 12:10, the LORD spoke, “I will pour out on the house of David and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the Spirit of grace and of supplication, so that they will look on Me whom they have pierced; and they will mourn for Him, as one mourns for an only son, and they will weep bitterly over Him like the bitter weeping over a firstborn” (12:10 NASB). This is one of five prophetic predictions of God pouring out the Spirit in the Old Testament (Isa 32:15; 44:3; Ezek 39:27–29; Joel 2:28–29). Zechariah 12:10 appears as the words of Yahweh as the Christ. Jesus promised His apostles, “But I tell you the truth, it is to your advantage that I go away; for if I do not go away, the  Helper will not come to you; but if I go, I will send Him to you” (John 16:7; cf. 16:7–13).

The Promise of the Baptism of the Spirit

Was the baptism of the Holy Spirit for all Christians? John the Baptist also prophesied, “I baptized you with water; but He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit” (Mark 1:8; cf. Matt 3:11; Luke 3:16; John 1:33). From John’s words, the baptism of the Spirit appears to include all disciples of Christ. However, Jesus foretold this specifically

Continue reading

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One Baptism Partakes of the Reality of Jesus’s Death, Burial, and Resurrection

The following is a comment in response to Mark Ballenger’s article, “Should You Be Baptized More than Once?” The article and comment can explain this post. God bless those who read:

Hi Mark:

I appreciate the sincerity that you demonstrate is seeking the truth. James D. G. Dunn has a book about the Holy Spirit and regeneration. I find your position similar if not the same as Dunn.

However, upon studying the Scriptures, my search has led to other conclusions. I hope we both remain open to reconsider how we handle God’s Word. Consider that Jesus commanded baptism in the name of the Father, Son, and Spirit when he rose from the dead (Matt 28:19-20). The baptism that Jesus commanded in his resurrection is the one baptism (Eph 4:5). Peter preached this baptism in Jesus’s name in Acts 2:38. This is a baptism of faith and repentance (Mark 16:16; Acts 2:38). Peter also proclaimed that the forgiveness of sins is in Jesus’s name (Acts 10:43). That baptism in Jesus’s name is also in water (Acts 10:47–48). This baptism is not separate from the gift of the Spirit (Acts 2:38). Baptism in Christ’s name is the baptism of 1 Corinthians (1:13). First Corinthians 6:11 records a washing in Jesus’s name as when the Spirit justifies and sanctifies. This passage reveals that 1 Corinthians 12:13 refers to the same baptism and not to another baptism of the Spirit. First Corinthians 10:1–2 indicates that this baptism in Jesus’s name is in water. Furthermore, Paul revealed that those who reject the resurrection change baptism from the resurrected to a baptism of the dead (1 Cor 15:29). Colossians 2:12 and Romans 6:4 associate the dynamic symbolism of baptism as the burial from the dead as you accurately described. This baptism partakes of the reality of Jesus’s death, burial, and resurrection that saves believers (1 Cor 15:1–4). Baptism in Jesus’s name is passive just as God rises the believer from burial to new life. No one can boast of such as a work. I urge you to consider that baptism in Jesus’s name is the moment of salvation by grace when one rises with Christ alive (Eph 2:1–10). Faith is the means of salvation and yet the believer’s rising with Christ from baptism is the condition of faith.

May God bless you in the study of His Word.

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Sources for Jesus’s Empty Tomb

Who Found Jesus's Tomb Empty?

Christianity rises or falls by whether Jesus rose from the dead. To the Christian, salvation is dependent upon one believing and confessing Jesus’s resurrection. The apostle Paul declared, “…if you confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved” (Rom 10:9). For this, Christians hope in the final resurrection of all saints. Jesus is the first-fruits of the coming resurrection (1 Cor 15:20–28).

By Jesus’s resurrection, Christians rise and are born again to the newness of life from baptism (Rom 6:3–6; 1 Pet 1:3; 3:21). Belief in Jesus’s resurrection and personal regeneration are essential for salvation to Christians. The rejection of Jesus’s resurrection is an opposition to the very core of the Christian faith. In 1 Corinthians 15:14–15, the apostle Paul declared, “And if Christ has not been raised, then our preaching is in vain and your faith is in vain. And we are also found to be false witnesses of God, because we testified of God that He raised Christ.” Continue reading

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What is the Purpose of the Church?

The mission of the church of Christ is:

Tell the world of God’s love, forgiving grace, and eternal life through His Son, Jesus Christ, who died, was buried, and resurrected conquering death, so that Jesus sent His disciples to make disciples by baptizing them and teaching them to observe all of His commands and to devote themselves to Continue reading

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Love Exists Because God Exists

Love Exists Because God Exists

There is no greater virtue than love and no greater life-defining moral constant. From where did love originate?

If there is no God, then love has not always been a virtue. However, love has always been a virtue. Therefore, God is. Continue reading

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Causality Exists Because God Exists


Everything that begins to exist has a cause. The universe began to exist because all matter is constantly changing and thus entropy demonstrates that energy is becoming less usable. Causality affirms everything that began to exist has a greater cause. Therefore, the universe began to exist, and the universe must have a cause.

The Beginning

The universe is full of effects for which every effect must have a sufficient greater cause. The universe is Continue reading

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