Why We Do Not Keep the Sabbath Day, but Observe the First Day of the Week

The following is excerpt from a comment regarding keeping the Sabbath. Here is my reply to the assertion that the breaking of bread, the Lord’s Supper, was to be kept daily, which leads into the Lord’s Day and the Sabbath.

Acts 2:46 does say that they broke bread daily, and this is clearly a common meal “breaking bread from house to house, they ate their food with gladness and simplicity of heart”. Still, the Lord’s Supper was for the Assembly (1 Cor. 11:17ff) and that the Assembly was to consist of the whole congregation (1 Cor. 14:23). The Lord’s Supper was not a common meal (1 Cor. 11:21-23). Be aware of the use of the article “the” inference to breaking bread. This breaking of bread in Acts 2:46 is different from “The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ?” (1 Cor. 10:16), which is clearly the Lord’s Supper of 1 Corinthians 11 that Christ instituted the night of His betrayal and He blessed this bread in Luke 24:30 which is called “the breaking of bread” in Luke 24:35, which all occurred on the first day of the week (Luke 24:1). Christ blessed the practice of the Lord’s Supper on the first day of the week. Why? Back to Acts 2:46 being a common meal, see Acts 2:42 speaks of the Lord’s Supper, “And they continued steadfastly in the apostles’ doctrine and fellowship, in the breaking of bread, and in prayers”.

The separation between the breaking of bread as the Lord’s Supper and breaking bread as a common meal is clear in Acts 20 too. Paul broke bread for himself and this breaking of bread is singular (Acts 20:11). This is clearly not the disciples’ breaking the bread in verse 7. This is separate from the disciples’ breaking bread which they regularly did every first day of the week according to Acts 20:7.

How do we know that the disciples (all Christians) always assembled every first day of the week to break bread together? They clearly met every first day of the week since the first day is described by Greek word for assembling here in the participle form meaning a practice and in the perfect tense meaning that it had been previous completed before. This is not clearly seen in the common translations of Acts 20:7 where the word “when” is often used to show that this assembling was a perfect participle.

The Assembly was for the Lord’s Supper in 1 Corinthians 11:17ff, and so is the Assembly of Acts 20:7 to break bread. The Assembly not to be forsaken (Heb. 10:25), and the Assembly was kept by Jesus and the congregations on the Lord’s Day when Jesus is in the midst of them (Rev. 1:10, 13; Matt. 18:20). Why did the disciples assemble to break bread on the 1st day if it were not the Lord’s Day? Why did Paul support this regular practice among the disciples? He must have approved that the first day was the Lord’s Day via the Spirit, and this Lord’s Day is the day of the Assembly and the Lord’s Supper. This is what I practice. These are my premises for my conclusion that the Assembly is to break the bread on the Lord’s Day, which must be every first day of the week. For Christ blessed the bread of “the breaking of bread” on the day of His resurrection, which is the first day of the week (Luke 24:1).

This has nothing to do with the Sabbath being changed. I do not believe that it has, but that it is obsolete. The Sabbath is “Saturday”, the 7th day, which I am convinced to be a type for the rest that Christians will have with the Father (Heb. 4:1-11). I find keeping the Sabbath day is a part of the 10 commands. Exodus says “And He wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant, the Ten Commandments” (Exo. 34:28, also see Deut. 4:13, 9:9, 11). Jeremiah said “Behold, the days are coming, says the LORD, when I will make a new covenant” (Jeremiah 31:31). Look further for Jeremiah said, “not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers” Not according to which covenant? Jeremiah says the covenant “in the day that I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt, My covenant which they broke” (31:32). Again which covenant is this? Exodus says “And He wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant, the Ten Commandments” (Exo. 34:28). Christ’s covenant is “not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers”, but “In that He says, ‘A new covenant,’ He has made the first obsolete. Now what is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready to vanish away” (Heb. 8:13). The Old Covenant of the 10 commands with the Sabbath keeping is obsolete and vanishing away in the 1st century. “But if the ministry of death, written and engraved on stones, was glorious, so that the children of Israel could not look steadily at the face of Moses because of the glory of his countenance, which glory was passing away, how will the ministry of the Spirit not be more glorious?” (2 Cor. 3:7-8). If I kept the 7th day as the Sabbath rest, then I’d be “a debtor to keep the whole law”, and then I will “become estranged from Christ” and “fallen from grace” (Gal. 5:3-4). I will not be estranged from Christ and fall from His grace nor will I teach my family nor my congregation family this.

God bless your heart for you are sincere. Teach me if I wrong and may you have the heart to receive these Scriptures if these are true.

About Scott J Shifferd

Minister, church of Christ in Jacksonville, FL. Husband and father of four. Email: ScottJon82[at]yahoo.com
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50 Responses to Why We Do Not Keep the Sabbath Day, but Observe the First Day of the Week

  1. davegdev says:

    There is a grave misconception with the term Law of Moses and the logic that it isn’t the Law of God. In Exodus 20:18-19, we see that the Israelites petitioned that the Creator no longer speak to them directly out of fear of death in hearing His voice. Later in the Torah, and I am referring to Genesis through Deuteronomy and not Talmud, the Creator declared that it was good for them to say what they did and Moses became the mediator and administrator of His instructions. Any time Moses gave an instruction, whether a law, statute, judgment, right ruling, etc., it was always preceded by the Creator giving Moses the instruction.

    So for anyone to conclude that the Law of Moses is not the Law of God is to engage in theological error and ignorance. Furthermore, the Messiah declared He did not come to destroy it and that not a single part would be abolished until heaven and earth passed away and all had been fulfilled, which we don’t see happening until Revelation 20 & 21. Furthermore, those who do claim the Torah is no longer relevant have no part in the coming kingdom since the Torah will be in full function. Those who reject the Torah are just as 1 John 2:4 describes, liars with no truth in them.


  2. “acriticalchristian1971” the Law of Moses & Law of God are not the same, I read Acts 15, & I saved my research on these differences between Law (& Sabbaths) at goozbump.blogspot.com.

    Romans 13:8-12 agrees with my point. To see the specific ways to love thy neighbor see the 10 Commandments (particularly the last 6, & to love God, see the 1st 4 commandments.

    There is no addition by subtraction folks, you can’t avoid these specific details on “How to” love your neighbor, & the Sabbath is a part of loving God on HIS day. Meaning, can you love neighbor yet steal? Can you love God yet make idols? No! So, loving God means remember the Sabbath.


  3. The Law of Christ is the 10 Commandments….did Christ write them in stone? For He that said, Do not commit adultery, said also, Do not kill. Is all of this spoken past tense? James 2:11, ” Now if thou commit no adultery, yet if thou kill, thou art become a transgressor of the law. ” That is present tense.


  4. 1 of us is not getting it. Why were those sabbaths done away with? Answer- They symbolized Jesus with sacrifice. Again did the 7th Day Sabbath? No.


  5. Jesus & Paul’s idea was that LOVE is the motivation for keeping the 10 Commandments….love for God….love for brethren.

    Jesus & Paul give a summary of the 10 Commandments, but never say don’t keep them. Acts 15:29 should illuminate the difference between the Law of God & Moses’ Law.

    See my blog at goozbump.blogspot.com & research how those sabbath days symbolized Jesus through sacrifice, & only the 7th Day did not symbolize Jesus because no sacrifice was called for on the weekly Sabbath.


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